R can perform the usual mathematical operations, below are the functions:

Arithmetic

+ - addition- - subtraction* - multiplication/ - division

Trigonometry

sin - sinecos - cosinetan - tangentasin - sine inverseacos - cosine inverseatan - tangent inverse

Linear Algebra

+ - element-wise addition- - element-wise subtraction* - element-wise multiplication/ - element-wise division%*% - matrix multiplicationt - transpose eigen - eigenvalues and eigenvectorssolve - inverse of matrixginv - generalized inverse, requires MASS packagerbind - combines vectors of observations horizontally into matrix classcbind - combines vectors of observations vertically into matrix class

Reference:

Kabacoff, R. I.

Arithmetic

+ - addition- - subtraction* - multiplication/ - division

Trigonometry

sin - sinecos - cosinetan - tangentasin - sine inverseacos - cosine inverseatan - tangent inverse

Linear Algebra

+ - element-wise addition- - element-wise subtraction* - element-wise multiplication/ - element-wise division%*% - matrix multiplicationt - transpose eigen - eigenvalues and eigenvectorssolve - inverse of matrixginv - generalized inverse, requires MASS packagerbind - combines vectors of observations horizontally into matrix classcbind - combines vectors of observations vertically into matrix class

Reference:

Kabacoff, R. I.

*Matrix Algebra*. Quick-R. Retrieved April 20, 2013. Trigonometric Functions.*R Documentation.*R.2.15.1